Aim: Early diagnosis and treatment gives a healthy life

What is polycystic ovary syndrome?

PCOS is a common health problem, has varied presentation with short and long term problems.The term “polycystic ovaries” refers to the many tiny cysts, or bumps, in the ovaries. These cysts indicate hormonal imbalance and do not need to be removed surgically.

What are the symptoms for PCOD?

– Irregular periods
– Excessive coarse male pattern hair growth-(upper lip, sideburn, on the belly, inner arms and inner thigh), thinning of hair ,hair loss , balding
– Acne and mood changes
– Women with PCOS may also have dark patches of skin or skin tags, excess skin in the armpits or neck.
– Women with PCOS will have different signs and symptoms and the intensity of presentation of symptoms vary. Four types of PCOS are recognised depending on the presentation.Not all women are obese , weight gain aggravates the problem.

Why does it happen?

Although the exact cause is unknown, we do know that it is a result of a hormone imbalance in your brain and ovaries. There is excess male hormone.


What are the problems women with PCOS can have?

Women with PCOS have a healthy uterus, but many have difficulty in getting pregnant due to inadequate development of eggs from the ovary. PCOS are more at risk to develop Type 2 diabetes before the age of 40 and are at high risk of developing cardiovascular disease and endometrial cancer. Anxiety and depression are not uncommon and the obese PCOS have difficulty in maintaining weight.

What are the problems PCOS women may have during pregnancy?

Women with PCOS have higher rates of
– Miscarriage
– Gestational diabetes
– Preeclampsia
– Cesarean section (C-section)
– Baby has a higher risk of being heavy (macrosomia) and of spending more time in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).

How do I solve the PCOS problem?

It is important to see a doctor. Early diagnosis and treatments will help your symptoms and protect you from other diseases. The bright side is, it is possible to live a full and normal life with PCOS with correct management.


During pregnancy
– Reaching a healthy weight before you get pregnant.
– Reaching healthy levels of haemoglobin, 25OH vitamin D,blood sugar and cholesterol before you get pregnant.

Is there anything I can do on my own to get rid of PCOS?

Yes,you can. If you are overweight or have obesity, losing weight can improve many of your symptoms. Losing just 5 percent of your body weight can help a lot.You can do this through a combination of healthy eating habits, regular physical activity, weight loss, and medicines. Thin PCOS have more your belly fat and reducing the android form by diet and exercise will help.